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Romans – Lesson 17: Israel’s Restoration

Scripture Reading: Romans 11:15 -36

Introduction:

Paul’s final summation is that both Jews and Gentiles have to be objects of God’s mercy and love.  All have sinned and are unworthy of His love and mercy.  By rights, we should be objects of His wrath and abandonment.  No matter what we do, we fall short.  Our works are necessary, but they by themselves will never save us.

It is only through His grace and love that we can be a part of His soon coming kingdom.  Most of Israel rejected Christ because He just wasn’t the leader that they were expecting.  But Paul refers to a remnant that will survive and restore Israel through that remnant.  And the Gentiles now have a place reserved for them through their obedience and faith in Christ.  Riches will come that no one can fathom, provided by God because of their acceptance of His son.

God is the God of mercy.  He expressed this mercy in times past when He cared for His ancient people Israel and God will be the God of mercy in the future as He restores His ancient people, who are now in disobedient unbelief; to a position of glory and fellowship with Him.

Lesson Questions:

  1. What promise does the salvation of Israel hold for the whole world (Romans 11:15)?
  2. Are Gentiles now allowed to be partakers of the same promises and blessings as Israel (Romans 11:16-17)?
  3. Why is it wrong for the wild branches (Gentiles) to boast against the natural branches (Israel) (Romans 11:18)?
  4. From Romans 11:17-24, why should Paul’s illustration of the olive tree prevent Gentiles from feeling superior to unbelieving Israelites?  Why is it just as foolish today for Christians to feel superior to non-Christians?  How may the Jews be grafted back into the olive tree?
  5. It is sometimes claimed that God no longer has a special relationship with ethnic Israel.  How would you respond to this claim in light of Romans 11:25-32?
  6. In this chapter Paul has argued that Israel’s unbelief is partial (Romans 11:1-10), purposeful (Romans 11:11-16), and temporary (Romans 11:25-32).  How does this make him feel about God (Romans 11:33-36)?  How can Paul’s description of God also encourage us to trust and praise Him?
  7. Discuss how God is the source, the means and the end of all things (Romans 11:36).