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Romans – Lesson 16: Future of Israel

Scripture Reading: Romans 11:1-14

Introduction:

For centuries the people of Israel awaited their Messiah.  But when He came, very few believed in Him.  This situation has persisted to the point where Christianity is now considered a gentile religion.  What happened to God’s promises and plans for Israel?  Has God rejected His people?

In this chapter we get further insight about the rejection of Christ by Israel and the consequences.  Only a remnant it appears would remain, being replaced by the Gentiles who accepted Jesus and followed His teachings.  Paul preaches the riches of Christ to the Gentiles so that the Gentiles might receive the same glorious gifts that were to be taken from the Jews.  And in so doing, Paul hopes to provoke the Jews to have the same zeal as the Gentiles concerning the riches of Christ.

Let us look closely as Paul addresses these issues with the hope that both the remnant and the Gentiles would draw closer to each other and to Christ.  God only rejects those who reject Him.

Lesson Questions:

  1. What difference does it make whether God has rejected Israel?
  2. From Romans 11:1-6, how does Paul know that God has not rejected His people?  What was Paul’s witness concerning a remnant of Israel in the present time?  What was Paul’s reason for a remnant existing?
  3. What were the spiritual consequences for those Israelites who rejected Jesus Christ (Romans 11:7-10)?  Was God’s response to their faithless and rebellious nature justified?  Why are these consequences inevitable for anyone who persistently rejects the gospel?
  4. How did Israel’s rejection of Christ result in riches for others (Romans 11:11-14)?
  5. Why is Paul convinced that even greater blessings will come from their acceptance of Christ (Romans 11:11-14)?
  6. Did Paul have an ulterior motive in writing to and working among the Gentiles (Romans 11:13-14)?