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Romans – Lesson 11: The Spirit and the Flesh

Scripture Reading: Romans 8:1-17


In chapter 7 of Romans, Paul told us that we have an internal struggle with sin, even after we have been freed from the law. We, on our own, will continually struggle against our own flesh to win these battles on a daily basis. Romans chapter 8 begins with a new hope for us in waging this battle. We can only win this battle with the help of the Holy Spirit, which will provide the strength and answers that we need. Paul talks about the life-giving effects of the Spirit. The battle changes from our own strength which fights with our own flesh to a spiritual battle directed through the Holy Spirit within us. So, as Paul stated in the last verse of Romans 7: “I thank God–through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.

Lesson Questions:

  1. The Holy Spirit brings life to every Christian at the moment of conversion. What were some early signs of life when you became a Christian?
  2. What has God done to free us from the law of sin and death? Romans 8:1-4. What remarkable forgiveness do we have in Christ, and how was it achieved?
  3. Contrast the focus and the fate of the carnal mind to that of the spiritual mind? Romans 8:5-8. Paul divides all humanity into two categories: those that live according to the sinful nature and those who live according to the Spirit. What are some characteristics of each category? According to Romans 8:9, how do we know which category we are in?
  4. How does God compensate for the corruption of our flesh and sinfulness? Romans 8:10-11. What are the results of having the Spirit live in us?
  5. Paul refers to an obligation (Romans 8:12) that we have as Christians. What are the positive and negative aspects of that obligation? Romans 8:12-14. What is the only way that man can gain a victory over his flesh?
  6. How do we experience the reality and privileges of being God’s children? Romans 8:15-17. How does the Holy Spirit bear witness with our spirit?