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Covenants of God – Lesson 8: The Covenant with David

Memory Verse: “I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.” —Psalm 89:3-4

Scripture Reading: 2 Samuel 7:8-20


It has been God’s purpose to restore to man the kingdom that Adam lost (Matthew 25:34). However, Israel never cooperated with God in His plan for a righteous kingdom under His leading, but rejected the advice and instructions of judges by asking for a king, even when told how their king would oppress them (1 Samuel 8:10-22).

When Saul was rejected because he would not follow instructions from God, Samuel told him that God had selected “a man after his own heart to be captain of his people” (1 Samuel 13:13-14). God, who gave to Israel a king, in His anger removed that king when he proved unworthy of royalty (Hosea 13:11).

God knew that David would sin, but also that he would repent. David was blessed and when peace was made with the surrounding peoples he was established on the throne. After he had built his own house of cedar, he was commended for his desire to build a temple to house the ark of God—a temple to replace the tabernacle built over 300 years earlier when Israel was encamped at Sinai (2 Samuel 7:1-7). The prophet Nathan revealed to David God’s plan for the future, which extended far beyond a man’s natural lifetime. A long line of rulers was promised to his successors, if they were true to God (2 Samuel 7:10-16; Psalm 132:11-12; Psalm 89:3-4, 29-37). By a careful study of 2 Samuel 7 and Psalm 89, one can readily see that all the promises to David could not be met in Solomon alone: God’s vision of the future extended far beyond the captivity of both, Israel and Judah.

God’s ways are not man’s ways and He provided the means by which one of the lineage of David, would in time, have the right of royalty to David’s throne. A royal son was promised in whom is the hope for fulfillment of the covenant with David (Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6-7).

The throne thus restored to David’s royal Son, Jesus Christ, will be utilized by Him through the millennial “times of restitution” but at the end of which will be abdicated in favor of God, the Father (1 Corinthians 15:24-28). Since the restoration of the kingdom comes with the re-gathering of Israel and return of Christ, Israel will then “seek the Lord their God, and David their king” (Hosea 3:4-5). Christ will then be recognized as the rightful heir to David’s throne and given the diadem (authority) which Zedekiah lost (Ezekiel 21:25-27).

In God’s plan, “the seed of the woman—the seed of Abraham through Isaac—became the Son of the Virgin Mary at the time God appointed.” Then, Christ is the predicted Child born to be King on David’s throne. Thus, the covenant with David will be fulfilled by the restoration of his throne and authority through the Millennium.

Study Questions:

  1. What is the covenant that God made with David? Psalm 89:3-4; 1 Chronicles 17:7-14. What is said of David in Psalm 89:20-29?
  2. For what purpose did God choose David? Psalm 78:70-72.
  3. On what condition was the covenant with David to be continued and made permanent by Solomon’s reign? 1 Kings 9:3-7. Although Solomon failed, how was the covenant with David to be fulfilled? Isaiah 9:6-7.
  4. Because Jehoiakim and his son were rebellious, what was said of their successors? Jeremiah 36:29-31.
  5. Since the fleshly line for royalty from Solomon was rejected, through whom would the promise to David be fulfilled? Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6-7; Luke 1:30-33.
  6. What prophetic statements are found in Isaiah 11:1-2 and Jeremiah 23:3-8? To whom do they refer to?
  7. Who will be the next King of Israel? Ezekiel 21:25-27.
  8. Were Christ’s disciples interested in the restoration of the kingdom to Israel? Acts 1:6.
  9. From the restored throne of David, with what will Christ establish the kingdom? Isaiah 9:7.
  10. Compare and note the exercise of judgment and justice between Isaiah 9:7 and Jeremiah 23:5. Christ will reign until what has been accomplished? 1 Corinthians 15:24-28.