An International Center for Fellowship and Learning

Covenants of God – Lesson 1: Covenants of God

Memory Verse:Know therefore that the Lord thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations;” —Deuteronomy 7:9

Scripture Reading: Psalm 107:1-22

Introduction:

The most moving experience that can happen in one’s spiritual life is when he enters into a covenant with his Maker. This we must do if we enter into an eternal existence with God, for there is no future existence possible without God. Our Heavenly Father is not an impersonal force; He is a personality in whose likeness we have been made. He is our divine source of life, without whom there would be no “breath of life.” He has established a personal relationship, which if we enter into, it will provide communion between us and God.

The word “covenant” means an “agreement entered into by two or more persons or parties.” God is a covenant-making God and His covenants with man are affirmative in that they declare that something has been done, or shall be done. When God sets forth His holy covenants, He does not make them one-sided; He does not ask for blind obedience or a one-sided devotion. He is obligating Himself to us also. With a covenant relationship, if we fulfill our part, He will fulfill His part too.

There are not just two covenants, Old and New, contained in the Scriptures. There are various kinds of covenants and we will identify seven major covenants which are of special consequence and interest to the people of God. We shall study these in more detail in this series. They are: the covenants with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Israel, David and the New Covenant with Israel. As we study these covenants we will become vividly aware of the unchanging nature of God. We shall learn that God’s covenants remain unimpeachable; that one covenant does not impeach nor contradict the concepts of another, but rather implements the others. All of them carry the basic message of the Bible. They carry both, spiritual and physical aspects of the people of God, of their eventual triumph in a spiritual, physical, and even literal victory. The message of divine salvation!

Study Questions:

  1. How does one come into a covenant relationship with God in this Christian Age? Acts 2:36-39; Acts 3:19.
  2. How are the nature and personality of God revealed through His covenants? Deuteronomy 7:9; Psalm 25:14; Psalm 89:34; Psalm 111:2-10; Psalm 119:89.
  3. Has any part of the Word of God, the Scriptures, been made void since the death of Christ? Isaiah 40:8; Matthew 5:17-18; 2 Timothy 3:16-17. Note: While the death of Christ and with the destruction of the temple in 70 a.d. it made it unnecessary to continue with animal sacrifices and ceremonies. That old order of atonement passed away, while the Scriptures did not pass away and according to Paul they are still profitable.
  4. How vital was the Hebrew Canon, the Old Scriptures, in the development of Christianity? Acts 2:16, 25; Acts 8:26-35; Acts 10:42-43; Acts 18:4, 24-25, 28.
  5. What was Jesus’ attitude toward the Old Scriptures? Luke 4:14-21; Mark 12:10-11, 24; John 5:39; John 7:37-38, 41-42; John 10:31-35.
  6. How did the new Christians demonstrate that they had full belief in God’s ability to preserve His word? Acts 17:10-12; Romans 15:4; 2 Peter 1:19-21.
  7. What did the early Christians regard as the “new testament” or “covenant”? Matthew 26:26-28; 1 Corinthians 11:1-2, 23-26.