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Romans – Lesson 25: Brothers and Sisters in Christ

Scripture Reading: Romans 16:1-27


Paul spends most of this chapter greeting friends that he had met somewhere other than Rome (he hadn’t been there yet), whom he had followed through discussions with others and knew that they were now residing in Rome. Based upon these greetings, he must have considered them good friends and strong Christians. They all must have worked with Paul in the past and are now being remembered for their efforts

As we grow older, one of the first things that we seem to struggle with remembering, are names of people we have known. The primary reason is because we no longer refer to them in discussions, in prayer, in everyday activity. Apparently, Paul remembered these 25 Romans because he asked about them, had concerns about them, and prayed about them. He apparently had close and affectionate relationships with these people, as we should have with our brothers and sisters in Christ.

In Romans 16:17-20 he warns about false teachers that would try to draw away the new converts. These false teachers, according to Paul, would cause divisions by laying alongside the whole of Christian truth something that was not the real thing but which had some resemblance to it. It would include a departure from moral conduct and in the field of love. Failure to love every born-again believer is a symptom of the disease Paul is warning against.

Lesson Questions:

  1. Why does Paul commend Phebe? Romans 16:1-2.
  2. What was special about the following greetings made by Paul:
    a. Priscilla and Aquila (Romans 16:2)
    b. Epaenetus (Romans 16:5)
    c. Mary (Romans 16:6)
    d. Andronicus and Junia (Romans 16:7)
    e. Amplias (Romans 16:8)
    f. Urbane and Stachys (Romans 16:9)
    g. Persis (Romans 16:12)
  3. Whose household does Paul greet? Romans 16:10.
  4. How can we tell that Rufus and his mother must have been very special to Paul? Romans 16:13.
  5. What holy expression of Christ-like affection was used by the early church to greet one another? Romans 16:16.
  6. Why were some people to be marked by the Roman believers? Romans 16:17-18. What is the standard for our unity? How are these marked ones to be treated? Whom do these contrary ones really serve?
  7. What spiritual reputation did the Roman church have? Romans 16:19. Discuss the concern Paul had that the Roman believers might drop their guard against worldliness?
  8. What or whom does Paul credit as the originator of the gospel? Romans 16:25.
  9. What glorious declaration of praise is given as the closing benediction? Romans 16:27.